Arno Roscher


genetics_exhibit_logoOn the cutting edge of medicine today is a field called surgicogenomics that is emerging from the intersection of genetics and stem cell research and surgical practice.

While the surgeons of history had to rely on their eyes alone, and those of the 20th century saw through the lens of medical imaging, surgeons in the present Genomic Era can look at their patients on the molecular level, examining the genes that provide a complete set of instructions for the creation and functioning of their bodies. Based on this information, surgeons can more accurately determine when and how to operate, avoid potential complications, and predict the outcome of treatment.

Moreover, today’s surgeon can draw from recent amazing successes in animal studies demonstrating the use of stem cells in therapeutic transplantation for the purpose of curing a wide range of especially difficult genetic diseases, including heart disease, Parkinson’s disease, and Duchenne muscular dystrophy. In particular, the use of patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (IPSC), just discovered in 2007, will allow the surgeon to perform transplants without the threat of immune rejection.

The complete map of the human genome was finished in 2003 by a private enterprise headed by Craig Venter in collaboration with the federally and internationally funded Human Genome Project. The precise sequence of the 3.2 billion nucleotide base pairs that make up this human genetic blueprint now guide the hand of today’s surgeon and will point the way toward unknown territory—the New World of tomorrow’s regenerative and stem cell medicine.

THE CUTTING EDGE An Introduction to Surgicogenomics

GENES, MUTATIONS, & DISEASES The Basics: Chromosomes, DNA, Genes, & Proteins, How a Protein Is Made from a Gene, & How Mutations Cause Disease

GENOMIC TECHNOLOGY Its Revolutionary Role in Medicine, Florescence In-Situ Hybridization (FISH), DNA Microarrays, Knockout Mice, Targeted Gene Inactivation, & Whole Genome Sequencing

GENETICS, GENOMICS, & SOCIETY Genetic Counseling, Societal Implications, & Other Important Uses for Genomic Technology

OVERVIEW Specific Genes & Corresponding Genetic Conditions of Bodily Systems & Organs

BRAIN & NERVOUS SYSTEM Meningioma & Astrocytoma, Parkinson’s Disease, & Huntington’s Disease

HEART Myocardial Infarction, Congenital Heart Disease, & Sudden Unexplained Death Syndrome

VASCULATURE & LUNGS Marfan Syndrome, Behçet’s Disease, & Cystic Fibrosis

GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT Obesity, Lynch Syndrome, & Crohn’s Disease

MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, & Sex-Linked Inheritance

ENDOCRINE/REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2 & Breast Cancer

GENES, STEM CELLS, & REGENERATIVE MEDICINE Recombinant DNA Technology, Gene Therapy, & Embryonic, Adult, & Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

ABOUT THE ADVISORS Tobias D. Raabe, Ph.D. & Arno A. Roscher, M.D.

Scientific Advisors

Tobias D. Raabe, Ph. D. is an Adjunct Assistant Professor of Genetics at the University of Pennsylvania and the Founding Technical Director of a university-wide Gene Targeting Core Laboratory. To learn more about Tobias D. Raabe, Ph. D. please click here




Arno A. Roscher, M.D. is a long-term, accomplished anatomical and clinical pathologist teaching at the University of Southern California, as well as a distinguished fellow of the International College of Surgeons.  To learn more about Dr. Arno A. Roscher please click here

Dr. Arno A. Roscher, M.D., is a World Governor, Vice President and US Section Representative at Large of the International College of Surgeons. He is a Clinical Professor of Pathology, Keck School of Medicine, USC (LA) Ret., and Emeritus Director of Laboratories, Henry Mayo Newhall Hospital. He is also an Emeritus member of FICS (Hon.) and FCAP and FASCP.